Effects of Childhood Bullying in Adults

The effects of childhood bullying have adverse long-term consequences. Victims were at higher risk of panic and anxiety disorders; adults who were both victims and bullies had higher odd ratios for depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia in females and suicide in males. Child bullies had higher rates of antisocial personality disorder as adults; all 3 groups show…

Physically Active Children Deal Better with Stress

Sedentary children more likely to experience surges in cortisol levels while physically active children showed minimal changes in cortisol. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism March 7, 2013 jc.2012-3745 http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2013/03/07/jc.2012-3745.abstract Higher Levels of Physical Activity Are Associated With Lower Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Axis Reactivity to Psychosocial Stress in Children Context: Children who undertake more physical activity (PA)…

Depression During Pregnancy and the Effects on the Child

Depression affects more than the mother, this paper reports a  ” 21% of the association between maternal and offspring depression.” Of course this study lacks information on the mother’s mental state during the development of the child and how that might impact his/her later development. As with diet and other environmental influences, we need to pay…

I’m Sad and I Hate You.

Molecular Psychiatry (2013) 18, 101–111; doi:10.1038/mp.2011.127; published online 4 October 2011 http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/v18/n1/full/mp2011127a.html Depression uncouples brain hate circuit It is increasingly recognized that we need a better understanding of how mental disorders such as depression alter the brain’s functional connections to improve both early diagnosis and therapy. A new holistic approach has been used to investigate functional connectivity changes…