Diet rich in legumes lowers risk of diabetes

The saucy children’s rhyme tells us beans are good for your heart. There are other health benefits as well; higher consumption of legumes associated with lower risk of diabetes. Legume consumption is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes incidence in adults: A prospective assessment from the PREDIMED study Background & aims Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and…

Go Nuts!

Daily consumption of a handful of nuts (28g) is associated with reduced risk of cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.   Nut consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer, all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies   Background Although nut consumption has been associated with a reduced risk of…

Wrapping Beta-cells in sugar-derivative makes them implantable

This is a really neat approach. Encapsulating beta cells (insulin producing cells) an alginate derivative makes them implantable without eliciting an immune response and normalizes glucose in mice.   Long-term glycemic control using polymer-encapsulated human stem cell–derived beta cells in immune-competent mice The transplantation of glucose-responsive, insulin-producing cells offers the potential for restoring glycemic control…

Microbiome, Probiotics and Diabetes

  Open access. Gut microbiota, probiotics and diabetes >Diabetes is a condition of multifactorial origin, involving several molecular mechanisms related to the intestinal microbiota for its development. In type 2 diabetes, receptor activation and recognition by microorganisms from the intestinal lumen may trigger inflammatory responses, inducing the phosphorylation of serine residues in insulin receptor substrate-1,…

Chocolate and Berry Diet Offers Protection Against Diabetes 2

Almost 2000 people participated in a King’s College study published in the Journal of Nutrition which looked at the effects of flavonoids and anthocyanin consumption. It found high levels of anthocyanin and flavonoid consumption protective against type two diabetes and inflammation. The title is a bit of a lie. While it’s true chocolate and berries are…

Infrequent Weekly Exercise Still Provides Health Benefit

“Weekend warriors”, those who get all their exercise during the weekend may get similar health effects as those that spread their activity throughout the week. Canadian study looked at people who exercised 150 minutes per week and divided the 2300+ participants into frequent (more than 5 times per week) and infrequent (1-4 times per week) groups.…

Strength and Aerobic Exercise for Type 2 Diabetes

Results from HART-D study looking at effects of exercise in people with type 2 diabetes reports that a combination of resistance and aerobic exercise provides better outcome than  resistance or aerobic exercise alone. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=186960 Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Training on Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Context  Exercise guidelines for individuals…

How Food Resets Your Circadian Clock

Recall the previous post on how disturbing circadian cycles results in disturbances to insulin response and promotes fat deposition. These findings indicate that because circadian clock is sensitive to nutrient pathways, eating resets your clock to what is normally its ‘active’ state. And that’s why you shouldn’t eat at night. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413113000077 O-GlcNAc Signaling Entrains the…